With its fabulous 3000 years of history , diverse ethnic groups with their own languages , cultures , and traditions as well as with its magnificent scenery embracing contrasting land features ranging from the tops of rugged Semen Mountains ( some 25 are over 4000 meters High ) to the depth of the Danakil Depression, which is more than 116 meters below Sea-level and one of the lowest dry land point on Earth.
The abundance of natural beauty that blessed Ethiopia offers an astonishing variety of Landscapes. Afro-Alpine high lands soaring to around 4620 meters, a chain of mountains , splendors of the Great Rift Valley ,white water rivers , giant waterfalls , dense and lush jungle … the List is endless !!!! The natural beauty of Ethiopia amazes the first time visitor to this Country. In Ethiopia Nature, Culture and History merge to form a timeless Attraction or Interest. This the Cradle of Human Kind, where humans first began to walk upright including our Celebrated ancestors lucy , Selam & Ardi found and believed to be ancestors of every one on our Planet. Therefore, welcome to Ethiopia to walk on the Foot print your Ancestors.
In terms of history, Ethiopia is Old-Old beyond all your imaginations. The Axumite Kingdom was one Of the Great civilizations of Ancient world and has left behind the Mystery of giant Stalae found At Axum. In the middle Ages great Religious civilization flourished in many parts of the country Particularly at Lalibel where churches hewn out of a massive monolithic rock testify not only To great faith but also great Architectural skills. The walled city of Harrar ( Jugol) in Ethiopia is the 4th holiest city of Islam next to Mecca , Medina and Jerusalem. The 17th century castles found In Gondar speak of the same Legacy. In addition, Ahmed Nejash Mosque in Tigray makes the country the first in Africa in pursuance of its foundation.
In terms of Nature , Ethiopia is 4th largest Bio-Diversity zone in the world and has more unique Species of Flora than any other country in Africa. Among the different species 31 mammals , 18 Birds ( 32 with cross – boundaries) , 14 reptiles , 30 amphibians , 40 fish ,and about 12 percent of 7000 plant species are endemic to Ethiopia are endemic to Ethiopia. There are 23 National parks ,4 Wildlife Sanctuaries ,8 Wildlife Reserves 3 Community conservation areas as well as 18 controlled hunting areas.
Among the many Natural tourist attractions only the principal ones are briefly given below:-
1) Historic and adventure
The Blue Nile Falls
The sof Omar cave
The Rifr Valley
The Ancient Wall city of Harar( Hyena feeding )
Hiking / Trekking
White water rafting
Elephants ( The African Elephant )
Chelad Baboon ( The bleeding Heart Baboon )
Black Lion ( with beautiful black Manes )
3) Festivals of Ethiopia
New year ( Enkutatash )
Meskel ( finding of the True Cross )
Ethiopian Christmas (Gena )
Ethiopian Easter ( Hosaena-Palm Sunday And SIklet – God Friday )
Axum Mariam Tsion (The Ark of the Covenant )
Fiche – Sidamas New year , …. etc.
4) The Gifted Lands of Varietis: Cultural and Ethnic Attractions.
In South-Omo where there are 16 Nationalities . Here the Indigenous peoples have Divers & unspoiled culture in their life style, body decoration , dressing , wearing jewelries and way Of Life.
Some of the Ethnic Groups:-
Bana or Bena
Galeb / Dhasanech
Konso … etc
5) Bird Watching: Ethiopia is a home to more than 860 bird species.
Abyssinian Bush Crow
White Collared Pigeon
Black Headed forest Oriole
Yellow Fronted Parrot … etc
6) Buna / Coffee
The birth place of Coffee Arabica (The Shepherd Khaldi discovered Coffee).